What's the difference between docker and python virtual environment?

Is Docker the same as virtual environment?

Python virtual environment will "containerize" only Python runtime i.e. python interpreter and python libraries whereas Docker isolates the whole system (the whole file-system, all user-space libraries, network interfaces) . Therefore Docker is much closer to a Virtual Machine than virtual environment.

A virtualenv only encapsulates Python dependencies. A Docker container encapsulates an entire OS.

With a Python virtualenv, you can easily switch between Python versions and dependencies, but you're stuck with your host OS.

With a Docker image, you can swap out the entire OS - install and run Python on Ubuntu, Debian, Alpine, even Windows Server Core.

There are Docker images out there with every combination of OS and Python versions you can think of, ready to pull down and use on any system with Docker installed.

If you need assistance with your projects feel free to email me at info@airgad.com or whatsapp Jesse stay safe!